Bài tập về câu bị động trong tiếng anh

 

: HỌC NGỮ PHÁP ngoại ngữ

Câu bị động là gì? Câu thụ động là câu mà ở đó chủ từ chẳng phải thực hiện hành động mà ngược lại bị tác động lên bởi một hạn chế tố khác, thí dụ :

  • Tôi ăn cái bánh ( câu chủ động : vì chủ ngữ “tôi” thực hiền hành động “ăn” )
  • Cái bánh được ăn bởi tôi ( câu thụ động : vì chủ ngữ “cái bánh” không thực hiện hành động”ăn” mà nó bị “tôi ăn )

trên tiếng việt các bạn dịch câu bị động là “bị” (nếu có hại) hoặc ” được” ( nếu có lợi ích ). Khi chúng ta học về passive voice, theo “bài bản” mọi người thì được các thầy cô cho học một các thức khác nhau cho mỗi luôn . ví dụ như thì hiện tại đơn sẽ bạn có công thức :

 

  • S + is /am /are + P.P
  • Qúa khứ đơn luôn có: S + was / were + P.P

Cứ thế chúng phải căng óc ra mà nhớ vô số những các thức ( ít ra cũng 13 công thức ). Như vậy chúng ta rất chi là dễ chịu quên và hậu quả là mỗi khi làm bài gặp passive voice là lại lúng túng. ta có thể đọc thêm bài viết về CÂU bị động trong anh ngữ , để nắm rõ hơn về cấu trúc câu thụ động cũng như cách chuyển biến câu thụ động ở rất nhiều luôn ở tiếng anh . Ở bài viết này, chuyên mục học anh văn trực tuyến bởi Academy.vn chỉ tập hợp vào phần bài tập về câu thụ động , ta cũng tham gia khoá học tiếng anh trực tuyến bởi chúng tôi để được chỉ dẫn chi tiết hơn cũng như thực hành các hơn về các dạng câu thường gặp ở anh ngữ và nắm vững 3000 từ tiếng anh thông dụng cơ bản anh văn trên thời kỳ đầu tiên , xem video giới thiệu về khoá học này:phần mềm học 3000 từ vựng tiếng anh thông dụng nhấtBài tập về câu bị động trong ngoại ngữ :

I/ Change the following sentences from active into passive form.

 

1. Somebody has taken my briefcase.

2. The teacher returned our written work to us.

3. She had finished her report by soon.

4. The mad dog bit the little boy.

5. The police have arrested five suspects.

6. The doctor ordered him to take a long rest.

7 lightening struck the house.

8. A group of students have met their friends at the rail way station.

9. They didn’t allow Tom to take these books home.

10. The teacher won’t correct exercises tomorrow.

11. Marry has operated Tom since 10 o’clock.

12. This is the second time they have written to us about this.

13. Mr. Smith has taught us French for two year.

14. They didn’t look after the children properly.

15. Nobody swept this street last week.

16. People drink a great deal of tea in England.

17. People speak English all over the world.

18. Tom was writing two poems.

19. She often takes her dog for a walk.

20. They can’t make tea with cold water.

21. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plan.

22. Somebody has taken some of my book away.

23. They will hold the meeting before the May Day.

24. They have to repair the engine of the car.

25. The boys broke the window and took away some pictures.

26. People spend a lot of money on advertising everyday.

27. They may use this room for the classroom.

28. The teacher is going to tell a story.

29. Marry is cutting the cake with a sharp knife.

30. The children looked at the women with a red hat.

31. She used to pull my hat over my eyes.

32. For the past years, I have done all my washing by hand.

33. A pair of Robins has built a nest in the porch since last week.

34. The police haven’t found the murderer yet.

35. They sold one of her paintings at $1,000.

36. I will put your gloves back in the drawer.

37. People speak English in almost every corner of the world.

38You mustn’t use the machine after 5.30 p.m.

39. Luckily for me, they didn’t call my name.

40. After class, one of the students always erases the chalk board.

41. You must clean the wall before you paint it.

42. They told the new pupil where to sit.

43. I knew that they had told him of the meeting.

44. Nobody has ever treated me with such kindness.

45. No one believes this story.

46. A sudden increase in water pressure may break the cua đồng .

47. We must take good care of books borrowed from the library.

48. A man I know told me about it.

49. We can never find him at home for he is always on the move.

50. They use milk for making butter and cheese.

II/ Change the following sentences from active into passive form.

II.1 Yes – No questions.

  1. 1.Do they teach English here?
  2. 2.Will you invite her to your wedding party?
  3. 3.Did the teacher give some exercise?
  4. 4.Is she going to write a poem?
  5. 5.Have they changed the window of the laboratory?
  6. 6.Is she making big cake for the party?
  7. 7.Has Tom finished the work?
  8. 8.Are the police making inquires about the thief?
  9. 9.Must we finish the test before ten?
  10. 10.Will buses bring the children home?

II.2 Wh – question:

11. When will you do the work?

12. How many days did she spend finishing the work?

13. How do you spend this amount of money?

14. What books are people reading this year?

15. How did the police find the lost man?

16. Who looked after the children for you?

17. How long have they waited for the doctor?

18. What time can the boys hand in their paper?

19. Why didn’t they help him?

20. Who are they keeping in the kitchen?

II.3 Sentences with verbs “continue and begin”.

21. We’ll continue to use this máy tính điện tử .

22. They began to plant rubber trees in big plantation.

23. People can continue to enjoy natural resources.

24. People will continue to drink coca – cola in the 21st century.

25. American people began to love football.

II.4 Sentences with phrasal verbs.

26. They gave up the research after three hours.

27. Someone should look into the matter.

28. Don’t speak until someone speak to you.

29. A neighbor is looking after the children.

30. Your story brings back pleasant memories.

II.5 Sentences with verbs of perception: (giác quan )

31. I have heard her sing that song several times.

32. People saw him steal your car.

33. The teacher is watching them work.

34. He won’t let you do that silly thing again.

35. People don’t make the children work hard.

36. They made him work all day.

37. The detective saw the woman putting the jewelry in her bag.

38. The terrorists made the hostages lie down.

39. Police advise drivers to use an alternative route.

40. She helps me do all these difficult exercises.

II.6 Sentences with “advise, beg, order, urge, agree, decide…”.

41. She advised me to sell that house.

42. They beg us to help them.

43. He orders us to clean the floor.

44. He recommends me to do the job.

45. She urged him to visit her parents as soon as possible.

II.7 Sentences of imperative:

46. Open your book!

47. Take off your hat!

48. Don’t do that silly thing again!

49. Let tell them about it!

50. Don’t let the other see you!]

II.8 Some special sentences:

51. It is dangerous for us to take the short cut.

52. You need to have you hair cut.

53. You must see it to believe it. hoc tieng anh

54. John wants someone to take some photographs.

55. We enjoy writing letter.

III. Read the sentences then write another sentences with the same meaning.

 

  1. 1.It is believe that the wanted man is living in New York.

– The wanted man………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

2. It is said that many people are homeless after the flood.

– Many people…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. It is known that the Prime Minister is in favor of the new law.

– The Prime Minister………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. It is expected that the government will lose the election.

– The government………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. It is thought that the prisoner escaped climbing over the wall.

– The prisoner……………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. It is believed that the thieves got in through the kitchen.

– The thieves……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

7. It is alleged that he drove through the town at 90 miles an hour.

– He…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

8. It is reported that two people were seriously injured in the accident.

– Two people……………………………………………………………………………………….

9. It is said that three men were arrested after the explosion.

– Three men……………………………………………………………………………………….

10. It is said that he is 108 years old.

– He……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

11. They rumored the man was still living.

– The man………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

12. They declared that she won the competition.

– She………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

13. People believed that13 is an unlucky number.

– Number 13…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

14. They saw that John is the brightest student in class.

– John………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

15. People believed that the earth stood still.

– The earth……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

VI. Change the following sentences into passive voice (5points).

1. She has to pick fruit very early in the morning.

2. The house was dirty because she hadn’t cleaned it for weeks.

3. She is taking care of the baby girl.

4. Children should treat old men with respect.

5. She was wearing her new T-shirt when I met her yesterday.

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